Ahmad Abu Ratima
A Palestinian writer/journalist from city of Rafah. Born in Rafah, Egypt in 1984 before he moved with his family to Rafah, Palestinian territory. Ahmed started to write political articles in different Palestinians web-journals since 2005. Recently he writes in dozens of arabic and Palestinian newspapers, web-journals and blogs. The year 2008 was another step for Ahmed in the journalism career as a correspondent for an English cable TV London based, Alhewar for two years.
In 2013, together with dozens of famous writers around the world he had the opportunity to write one chapter of the book:" The Oslo Accords 1993–2013. A Critical Assessment" Ahmad also produced many documentaries for Al Jazeera like: “Which Rafah Are You From?” The film is about the humanitarian side of the story of splitting city of Rafah between Palestinian and egyptian. Himself has experienced the suffering of the splitting, as half of his family remained in Egyptians party and they lost communication together for over 20 years.
Newly, Ahmad has published his own first book with the title: «Organized Chaos». The book is focusing in the creativity and building bridges towards the others and how to establish conversations between nations and cultures.
di Ahmad Abu Ratima
The world pays in general and Middle East specially the expensive price of extremism in which lately came out in the form of ISIS. This “State” which performed a great violations against the Human Rights eg. : beheading and burning alive Jordanian pilot Muath Kasasbah. This group bases its own acts on a philosophy allows them to eliminate whoever stand against them in political or theoretical aspects because of Infidel or apostate.
It is not possible to ignore the political and economical environment backgrounds where the seeds of this extremism grew up. It has been a brutal explosion of hopeless and oppression feelings which have been pressed for many decades in raw because of the dictetorship regimes performances who prevent freedom of speech and stop any peaceful experience of change. That's why this problem is basically a political problem in the core. Otherwise if the democracy and development in such communities was empowered it would be so protected from such extremism.
ISIS's interpretation of the noble Quran demands the need to face the philosphy foundations which ISIS builds its extermism. Those foundaions pressed a majority of people to believe that the problem is Islam. The noble Quran has some verses calls clearly for fighting. Those verses came in a certain context. What extremists usually do is to take it out of the context which produce an abnormal version of religious person who believes in violence.
The Noble Quran has ensured that Islam message is the mercy. «And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds» Verses 121, Surat 21.
The Quran has mentioned in another point that the relationship between muslims and other nations has to be peaceful. "Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly". Verse Surat 60
In the shadow of the general principles we can understand the other verses which legalize the combat. The fight is not against other religions, ideology or political opinion. The fight must be against who carries injustice aggressions and starts the fight. "Allah only forbids you from those who fight you because of religion and expel you from your homes and aid in your expulsion - [forbids] that you make allies of them. And whoever makes allies of them, then it is those who are the wrongdoers." Verse 9 Surat 60.
Combat in Quran was legalized against Injustice not faith. "And what is [the matter] with you that you fight not in the cause of Allah and [for] the oppressed among men, women, and children who say, "Our Lord, take us out of this city of oppressive people and appoint for us from Yourself a protector and appoint for us from Yourself a helper?" Verse 75 Surat 4.
The first verse in Quran processing the combat issue was after Muslims have been persecution, torture and expulsion from Mecca: «Permission [to fight] has been given to those who are being fought, because they were wronged. And indeed, Allah is competent to give them victory» Verse 39 Surat 22. While mostly the extremists use the verse: "Fight them; Allah will punish them by your hands and will disgrace them and give you victory over them and satisfy the breasts of a believing people" Verse 14 Surat 9. While they just ignore the verse just before it, a verse make a deeper understanding and set up the limits: « Would you not fight a people who broke their oaths and determined to expel the Messenger, and they had begun [the attack upon] you the first time? Do you fear them? But Allah has more right that you should fear Him, if you are [truly] believers» Verse 13 Surat 9. The verse stated it very clear that the combat goes against who initiate the conflict first which leads to that if there is peace belong nations, then verse is deactivated.
The verse of combats all comes in context of freeing muslims from fear and passiveness. In other words, combating is in contrast with passiveness not peace. That's why the motivation of fighting in Quran is the braveness in protecting principles, not wars. For example: «And how many a prophet [fought and] with him fought many religious scholars. But they never lost assurance due to what afflicted them in the cause of Allah, nor did they weaken or submit. And Allah loves the steadfast» Verse 146 Surat 3.
Thus the concept of combating in Islam became more into the meaning than in actions when we say that X is a hero, not because his/her hands are full of blood, he might even have not touch a weapon in whole of his life but he stood up for principles and he payed the dues in order to protect this principles. Quran has stated a clear rule to control the combating which is: " It is only against the Aggressors who initiate wars: Fight in the way of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress. Indeed. Allah does not like transgressors" Verse 192 Surat 2. While in other verse Quran states that the muslim is a person loves peace and hates wars: "Fighting has been enjoined upon you while it is hateful to you. But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you" Verse 216 Surat 2. Quran stated it clearly that war is not a joy because when the person hates wars, then he will not go for one unless he must even though he will ot find it as a joyful action, but he will perform combats in order of self-defence.
There are hundreds of proves that blows away the philosophical foundation of ISIS. However the main motivation will be the same: the local environment which is full of tyranny, injustice and hatred that they grew up in together with dozens of youth who take the wrong voyage today along ISIS philosophical path. That's why the entrance for solving this world problem starts with treatments for the political, social and economical environment by opening the gates towards the hope of better tomorrow for those youth, regain the trustworthy in the possibility of contributing for their homelands future by peaceful ways, get red of the dictatorships regimes who control their rights for freedom and.
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